|Players||3 or more|
|Setup time||<1 minute|
|Playing time||No limit|
|Random chance||Low to medium|
|Skills required||Running, strategy, endurance, time-keeping, bravery, tenacity|
What's the time, Mr Wolf? (also known as What time is it, Mr Wolf?, Grandma's Footsteps,1 2 3 Piano in Belgium and in the United StatesWhat time is it, Mr. Fox?) is a form of tag played in Australia, Belgium, Canada, the United States, the English-speaking Caribbean, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.
Because it needs attention skills, quick reactions, and working memory for the 'it' child, it is recommended by Harvard University's Center on the Developing Child to assist in developing executive function skills for children aged 5 to 7.
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One player is chosen to be Mr Wolf. Mr Wolf stands at the opposite end of the playing field from the other players, facing away from them. A call-and-response then takes place: all players except for Mr Wolf chant in unison 'What time is it, Mr Wolf?', and Mr Wolf will answer in one of the two ways:
- Mr Wolf may call a clock time (e.g., '3 o'clock'). The other players will then take that many steps, counting them aloud as they go ('One, two, three'). Then they ask the question again.
- Mr Wolf may call 'Dinner time!'/'Lunch Time'/'Midnight', then Mr Wolf will turn around and chase the other players. If Mr Wolf tags a player, that player becomes the new Mr Wolf.
It is not uncommon for Mr Wolf to be allowed to look around at the other players, before answering the question; especially if there is a rule involving penalties applied to Mr Wolf if a player reaches him before 'Dinner time' is called.
There is also a simpler version of the game where Mr Wolf faces the other players, who must remain stationary until 'Dinner time' is called. If any player moves on a time of day being called, that player becomes Mr Wolf.
In another version, Mr Wolf holds a dandelion seed head and blows on it. The other players dance around him/her, taunting him 'What's the time, Mr Wolf?' After each blow, Mr Wolf calls out '1 o'clock', '2 o'clock' etc. until all the seed head has been blown away. Then, he calls out 'Dinner time!' and chases the other players to tag them before they can claim sanctuary at pre-designated points called 'Bar'. The players claim 'Bar' by yelling out 'B - A - R Bar' and touching the safety point. The skill is in deciding when the seed head is going to be completely blown away, as the players cannot run away until this happens. It could happen after one blow by Mr Wolf, or several. The first player tagged becomes Mr Wolf for the next round of the game.
This game can also be played on a hopscotch court. The players chant 'What's the time Mr Wolf' and the wolf replies with a time. The players hop that number of spaces forwards on the hopscotch court. If Mr Wolf answers with 'It's dinner time' the players try to run back to the beginning of the hopscotch court before they are caught by Mr Wolf.
Similar games include Lupo Delle Ore in Italy, and Captain Midnight in the United States, in which everyone has to start running at midnight. The game also bears some resemblance to Red light, green light and Dahrumasan ga koronda.
Another variant of this game which has become popular is 'Mr Shark, Mr Shark, what time is it?' The big difference is that this game is played in a swimming pool, lake, or other swimming area. When Lunch Time is called the player may try running through the water or swimming to get away from the shark.
A variant also exists in which the tagged players become wolves themselves, helping to tag the other players. The original wolf, however, still calls the numbers.
The variant played in the Low Countries, consists of one player at one end of the playfield with his back to the other players. He then calls out '1 2 3 piano!', whilst knocking three times on the wall in front of him. As he calls out, the other players are allowed to move towards him. Once the call is finished, the player quickly turns around. The other players then need to stand as still as possible. If the caller can spot someone moving, he can send that player back to the start. This is repeated until someone is able to tap the caller without being spotted.
- The game was the basis for a 1991 song of the same name by New Zealand band Southside of Bombay, which appeared on the soundtrack of the film Once Were Warriors (1994). It peaked at number three on the New Zealand Singles Chart for four weeks following the movie's release, finishing the year as the eighth-best-selling single and earning a Gold sales certification.
- What's the Time Mr Wolf? is the title of a 2007 album by British band Noisettes.
- What Time Is It, Mr. Fox? (the common name for the game in US) is the name of a cabaret art rock band from Boston.
- What's the Time Mr Wolf? is a song by The Scaramanga Six, released on their 2017 album Chronica and The Wiggles, released on their 2019 album Party Time!
- The game has inspired children's books with this and similar titles. One was published in 2003 and illustrated by Annie Kubler (ISBN085953944X), a second, published in 2007, was written and illustrated by Gemma Raynor (ISBN1845392779). Harcourt published What Time Is It, Mr. Crocodile (2002), written by Judy Sierra and illustrated by Doug Cushman.
- The 1983 New Zealand film Utu, an historic drama depicting a Maori exacting revenge on English settlers in the 1870s, includes a scene where Maori leader Te Wheke beheads a vicar in a church, then places the bloodied head on the pulpit, saying the line 'What's the time, Mr Wolf?'
- In the 2014 episode of NCIS called “So It Goes” (S12/E3), Dr. Donald (Ducky) Mallard recalls playing 'What's the time, Mr Wolf?' with his childhood best friend. He tells Special Agent Leroy Jethro Gibbs, “You would know it as “Tag””.
- ^Trust and power: taking care of ourselves through drama, Penny Casdagli, p 65
- ^'Executive Function Activities for 5- to 7-year-olds'(PDF). Center on the Developing Child. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- ^'Charts.nz – Southside of Bombay – What's the Time Mr. Wolf?'. Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- ^'End of Year Charts 1994'. Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- ^'Official Top 40 Singles 06 November 1994'. Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- ^Barry Thompson, 'Time has come for Mr. Fox' Boston Herald, 12 January 2010
- ^'Background - Making Utu - Television - NZ On Screen'.